Grace and Incarnation: The Oxford Movement’s Shaping of the Character of Modern Anglicanism

By Bruce D. Griffith and Jason R. Radcliff

The theology of the Oxford Movement and its implications for Anglicanism today

ISBN: 9780227177884


The Oxford Movement was the beginning of a re-formation of Anglican theology, ministries, congregational and religious life revivals, and ritualism, with its theological basis a retrieval of the patristic and medieval eras, reconstructed around a deep christological incarnationalism. Does it merit its description by Eamon Duffy as the single most significant force in the formation of modern Anglicanism? In Grace and Incarnation, Bruce D. Griffith and Jason R. Radcliff explore this theological richness with unparalleled clarity. They interrogate the potential link between Robert Isaac Wilberforce and Charles Gore and the Liberal Catholics, and examine the interrelation between Tractarian theology and the rise of what was to become ‘modernism’, with its new canons of authentication. In doing so, they not only offer a mirror to the past, but shed new light on what Anglicanism today.

Additional information

Dimensions 229 × 153 mm
Pages 216

Trade Information JPOD

About the Author

Bruce D. Griffith is Honorary Canon in Residence, Cathedral of the Incarnation, Episcopal Diocese of Long Island, and Rector Emeritus of Christ Church, Oyster Bay, New York. He has served as Senior Tutor and Professor of Systematic Theology at The George Mercer Jr. Memorial School of Theology.

Jason Robert Radcliff, author of Thomas F. Torrance and the Church Fathers (James Clarke, 2015) and Thomas F. Torrance and the Orthodox-Reformed Dialogue (2018), teaches at The Stony Brook School in New York. Jason serves as an assistant editor of Participatio: The Journal of the Thomas F. Torrance Theological Fellowship.


Prologue: The Oxford Movement’s Context in Church History, by Jason Radcliff

1. Justification, Sanctification, and Regeneration: The Revival of Dispute
2. Edward Bouverie Pusey: The Reality of Sacramental Grace
3. John Henry Newman: The Imparting of Righteousness
4. Robert Isaac Wilberforce: The Incarnational Basis of Grace
5. Critics and Opponents
6. Penitential Ministry: The Tractarian Experiment

Epilogue: The Oxford Movement and the Twenty-First Century, by Bruce Griffith



Endorsements and Reviews

This careful and well-researched tracing of the struggle and conflict surrounding the Oxford Movement and the theological questions it raised makes Grace and Incarnation an invaluable resource not only for insight into the past, but for an informed appreciation of contemporary Anglican thought. The tension between ‘Catholic’ and ‘Reformed’ belongs not only to Anglicanism, but to the ecumenical world as well. This book belongs in that larger context.
Frank T. Griswold, Twenty-Fifth Presiding Bishop, The Episcopal Church

Publication of this important engagement with Tractarian theology is long overdue. The Tractarians’ views on grace are shown to be the basis for changes they instigated in the Church of England and worldwide Anglican Communion with respect to the theology and use of the sacraments, as well as in ceremonial matters that were, to the Tractarians themselves, less important. The authors show the error of many in retrojecting the incarnational optimism of later generations of Anglicans onto the Tractarians themselves.
Benjamin King, Professor of Christian History, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, The University of the South

The authors have a wide knowledge of the Church Revival and of the Oxford Movement. Their appreciation of Pusey is sound and inspiring. Their argument that the Tractarians were as good as any Christian thinkers in the modern Church on grace and the essential interdependence of grace, incarnation, and mediation is compelling … this is a good and worthwhile book in Anglican theology, and reveals a faithful approach to the living and true God.
Chip Prehn, in Covenant, the weblog of The Living Church Foundation