The Oxford Movement was the beginning of a re-formation of Anglican theology, ministries, congregational and religious life revivals, and ritualism, with its theological basis a retrieval of the patristic and medieval eras, reconstructed around a deep christological incarnationalism. Does it merit its description by Eamon Duffy as the single most significant force in the formation of modern Anglicanism? In Grace and Incarnation, Bruce D. Griffith and Jason R. Radcliff explore this theological richness with unparalleled clarity. They interrogate the potential link between Robert Isaac Wilberforce and Charles Gore and the Liberal Catholics, and examine the interrelation between Tractarian theology and the rise of what was to become ‘modernism’, with its new canons of authentication. In doing so, they not only offer a mirror to the past, but shed new light on what Anglicanism today.
Endorsements and Reviews
This careful and well-researched tracing of the struggle and conflict surrounding the Oxford Movement and the theological questions it raised makes Grace and Incarnation an invaluable resource not only for insight into the past, but for an informed appreciation of contemporary Anglican thought. The tension between ‘Catholic’ and ‘Reformed’ belongs not only to Anglicanism, but to the ecumenical world as well. This book belongs in that larger context.
Frank T. Griswold, Twenty-Fifth Presiding Bishop, The Episcopal Church
Publication of this important engagement with Tractarian theology is long overdue. The Tractarians’ views on grace are shown to be the basis for changes they instigated in the Church of England and worldwide Anglican Communion with respect to the theology and use of the sacraments, as well as in ceremonial matters that were, to the Tractarians themselves, less important. The authors show the error of many in retrojecting the incarnational optimism of later generations of Anglicans onto the Tractarians themselves.
Benjamin King, Professor of Christian History, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, The University of the South