Now and then throughout the history of the church a great light appears, a prophet who calls the church back to its missional vocation. These reformers are lovers of God, mystics whose lives are utterly given to the divine vision. Yet as Jesus noted, a prophet is often without honour among her own people. In the case of Phoebe Palmer (1807-1874), honour was lost posthumously, for within a few decades after her death her name all but disappeared. Palmer’s sanctification theology was separated from its apophatic spiritual moorings, even as her memory was lost. Throughout most of the twentieth century her name was virtually unknown among Methodists. To this day the Mother of the Holiness Movement still awaits her place of recognition as a Christian mystic equal to Catherine of Siena, Teresa of Avila, or Thérèse of Lisieux.
This book locates Palmer’s life and thought within the great Christian mystical traditions, identifying her importance within Methodism and the church universal. It also presents a Wesleyan theological framework for understanding and valuing Christian mysticism, while connecting it with the larger mystical traditions in Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox communions. While Palmer was a powerful revivalist in her own day, in many ways she could be the patron saint for contemporary Methodists who are drawn to the new monasticism and who long for the renewal of the church. Saint Phoebe is precisely the one who can help Methodists envision new forms of Christian community, mission, and witness in a postmodern world.
Foreword by William J. Abraham
1. Saint Phoebe
3. The Via Negativa
4. Altar Theology and the Shorter Way
Endorsements and Reviews
Through her perceptive and balanced retrieval of the Christian mystical tradition, Elaine Heath challenges us all with a superbly argued and persuasive presentation of Phoebe Palmer as a major mystical theologian within the Methodist and Wesleyan traditions, one who is a rich gift to the church catholic as a whole.
William Thompson-Uberuaga, Emeritus Professor, Duquesne University
Heath’s giftedness as a scholar and teacher of Christian faith and practice are clear in this work. The recovery of Phoebe Palmer as mystic and prophet within a Wesleyan theological frame offers an important contribution to both scholars within theological education and the church. This text is remarkably multi-faceted in the accessible way it complicates previous categories allowing the past to inform faithful Christian witness in the twenty-first century.
Laceye Warner, Duke University Divinity School
Elaine Heath herself says it best: ‘Saint Phoebe is precisely the one who can help Methodists envision new forms of Christian community, mission, and witness in a postmodern world.’ Indeed, Phoebe Palmer can also help Methodists recover ancient forms of Christian community, mission, and witness. This book is about more than Phoebe Palmer. Heath restores to us our apophatic and mystical theological foundations, carried by Palmer’s theology, as the fertile soil for growing new faith-forms that can bear much fruit.
Amy G. Oden, Wesley Theological Seminary
Elaine Heath’s text is an excellent work of historical reclamation for the Methodist tradition, once again restoring the theological mysticism of Phoebe Palmer to her rightful place within Methodist piety and mystical theology … Heath provides a concise explication of Palmer’s mystical theology and her ‘Altar Theology’ and ‘The Shorter Way’ to complete sanctification … Heath [puts] Palmer’s theology in conversation with other mystical traditions, and with the current new monastic movement within the Methodist denomination. And it is here, in this constructive conversation, that the book has the most promise for contributing to current theological and ecclesial discourse … it is Palmer’s own theology and theological method which speaks most directly to a postmodern Christian context. Her embrace of apophatic mysticism, combined with her well structured incorporation of total sanctification and mission within Christian life is the book’s greatest work. It reclaims a rich Methodist tradition and provides the tools for constructive dialogue in current spiritual formation and sanctification discourse.
Joe McGarry, in Theological Book Review, Vol 23, No 2
Naked Faith is a suitable textbook for upper-level, undergraduate courses as well as seminary courses in Theology Church History, and Methodist Studies. It is a short book that pairs well with some of Palmer’s own writing, such as Entire Devotion to God or The Way of Holiness.
Prof Priscilla Pope-Levison, in Wesley and Methodist Studies, Vol 4, 2012