JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser.

You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Click here for instructions on enabling javascript in your browser.

Cookie Consent
This site uses session cookies to personalise your browsing experience and to provide a secure shopping environment. We also use Google Analytics tracking cookies to provide data for the analysis of site traffic. Please click on the Accept button to accept cookies from this site.

For full details of the cookies that we use and your options for managing or refusing cookies, please visit our Cookie Policy page.

Christ Died for Our Sins:

Representation and Substitution in Romans and their Jewish Martyrological Background

By Jarvis J. Williams

Christ Died for Our Sins

Christ Died for Our Sins:

Representation and Substitution in Romans and their Jewish Martyrological Background

By Jarvis J. Williams

An exploration of Paul's theology of Jesus' sacrifice, locating its roots in the cultic language of the martyrological narratives of Second Temple Judaism.

Trade Information: JPOD
Available as: Paperback, PDF

  • Share:
  • Share this title on Twitter
  • Share this title on Facebook
  • Share this title on Google+

Print Paperback

ISBN: 9780227175552

Specifications: 229x153mm (9x6in), 244pp

Published: October 2015


PDF eBook

ISBN: 9780227905241

Specifications: 220pp

Published: October 2015

£14.75 + VAT
Available from other vendors

In Christ Died for Our Sins, Jarvis J. Williams argues a twofold thesis: first, that Paul in Romans presents Jesus' death as both a representation of, and a substitute for, Jews and Gentiles. Second, that the Jewish martyrological narratives in certain Second Temple Jewish texts are a background behind Paul's presentation of Jesus' death. By means of careful textual analysis, Williams shows that the Jewish martyrological narratives appropriated and applied Levitical cultic language and Isaianic language to the deaths of the Torah-observant Jewish martyrs in order to present their deaths as a representation, a substitution, and as Israel's Yom Kippur for non-Torah-observant Jews. Williams demonstrates that Paul appropriated and applied this same language and conceptuality in order to present Jesus' death as the death of a Torah-observant Jew serving as a representation, a substitution, and as the Yom Kippur for both Jews and Gentiles. Scholars working in the areas of Romans, Pauline theology, Second Temple Judaism, atonement in Paul, or early Christian origins will find much to stimulate and provoke in these pages.


1. Thesis and History of Research
2. Representation and Substitution in the Hebrew Cult and in Isaiah 53
3. Representation and Substitution in Second Temple Jewish Martyrologies
4. Jewish Martyrology and Substitution in Romans 3:21–4:25
5. Jewish Martyrology and Substitution in Romans 5:6–11, 8:1–4, and 8:31–34
6. Jewish Martyrology and Representation in Romans 5:12–6:23
7. Conclusion

Ancient Documents Index

Jarvis J. Williams is an Associate Professor of New Testament Interpretation at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville.

Jarvis Williams approaches atonement with a remarkable scholarly thoroughness and respect for complexity. He argues for the presence of substitutionary thought in Paul while allowing that this does not account for all aspects of Paul's soteriology. This is an essential book for any thorough study of atonement in Romans. Dr Stephen Finlan, United Church of Christ, author of Problems with Atonement
In this rewarding book, Jarvis Williams articulates his interpretation of the beneficial meaning of the death of Christ presented in his previous work. Focusing on the Letter of Romans, Williams argues that Paul builds on Jewish martyr theology by presenting Jesus' death as both a representation and a substitution for Jews and Gentiles, i.e., Jesus acted as the sinner in life and death representing Jews and Gentiles and died in place of them. Jan Willem van Henten, Director, Graduate School of Humanities, Universiteit van Amsterdam